Energy Policy

EU, IUT and Energy

A key policy area

The EUs energy policy is one of the key areas where the IUT is actively working to watch and enhance the interests of the tenants across Europe. The EU webpage Clean Energy for all Europeans gives the background.

At the end of 2016, a revision of the energy performance of buildings directive (EPBD) and energy efficiency directive (EED) opened the new round of EU energy legislation.

These directives form the framework for national energy legislation on new construction and renovation building standards, like passive houses, low and zero energy houses as well as energy performance certificates.    Therefore, they will directly affect the costs of housing. Part of the directives is also the training of tenants and residents in energy saving measures.National energy efficiency action plans can be found here.  Funding is also available for energy projects, details can be found here.

As key stakeholder at EU level, IUT will formally contribute to the legislative process, encouraging member unions to participate in the relevant hearings, workshops and meetings with the EU institutions. IUT will also continue to explore opportunities to join EU founded Projects.

On 19 December 2017, representatives from the Estonian Presidency and the European Parliament reached a provisional agreement on the revised Directive on the energy performance of buildings (EPBD). This provisional political agreement was confirmed on 31 January by the EU ambassadors and on 23 February by the Parliament’s Industry and Energy Committee (ITRE). The text will now have to be formally adopted by the Parliament in plenary sitting on 17 April and then by the Council. After formal approval, the Directive will be published in the Official Journal of the EU, and it will enter into force twenty days later. The transposition period for this legislation is 20 months.

The main objective of the revised Directive is the decarbonisation of the existing building stock by 2050. It promotes cost-effective renovation works, introduces a smartness indicator for buildings, simplifies the inspections of heating and air conditioning systems and also promotes electro-mobility by creating parking spaces for electric vehicles

The latest news from the EU on energy policy is available here.

EU Policy

The European Union’s energy policies are driven by three main objectives:

  • to secure energy supplies to ensure the reliable provision of energy whenever and wherever it is needed
  •  to ensure that energy providers operate in a competitive environment that ensures affordable prices for homes, businesses, and industries
  • to ensure energy consumption is sustainable, through the lowering of greenhouse gas emissions, pollution, and fossil fuel dependence.

DG Energy

The Directorate-General for Energy is responsible for developing and implementing a European energy policy under the political guidance of the European Commission Vice-President for Energy Union Maroš Šefčovič and Climate Action and Energy Commissioner Miguel Arias Cañete.

The Directorate General develops and implements innovative policies aimed at:

  • contributing to setting up an energy market providing citizens and business with affordable energy, competitive prices and technologically advanced energy services
  • promoting sustainable energy production, transport and consumption in line with the EU 2020 targets and with a view to the 2050 decarbonisation objective
  • enhancing the conditions for safe and secure energy supply in a spirit of solidarity between EU countries ensuring a high degree of protection for European citizens


Listed below is a selection of news and papers relating to energy policy. 

EU Energy news

EU studies

Feeds Forum – White Paper on Residential Electrical Safety 2017

IUTs and BEUC  Policy recommendations on strengthening the social dimension of the Energy Union, Tenants’ access to solar self-consumption.

Informal meeting of energy and transport ministers in the EU 2017

The launch of the European Energy Poverty Observatory January 2018

Technical guidance, Financing the energy renovation of buildings with Cohesion Policy funding (European Commission, 2014)

Concerning the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive
Open letter to the 27 EU energy and environmental ministers, November 2009.

Energy-saving in the Housing Corporation Sector
“Energy contract”: Covenant on energy-saving in the Dutch Housing Corporation Sector.

Energy Union Package
European Commission February 2015.

How the European Regional Development Fund can be used for Energy-Efficiency
IUT on how 8 billion euro from the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) can be used for the energy-efficient refurbishment of the existing housing stock. April 2009.

IUT on the Energy Performance Buildings Directive
Recast of the Energy Performance Buildings Directive
IUT proposed amendments, February 2009.

IUT on the Renewable Energy Directive
June 2008.

More Transparency and Objectivity for Tenants
Tenants shall have full access to building’s energy certificate when considering a new flat. New EU Energy Performance Buildings Directive (EPBD). May 2010.

Report from FES and IUT Conference
Energy efficient renovation of low-income households – just a drop in the bucket? April 2014-2015.

The EU Commission Proposition on Energy Efficiency
The EU Commission proposes measures to boost energy efficiency and renewable energy in low-income households, December 2008.

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